Union of New Brunswick Indians

Welcome to the Union of New Brunswick Indians, Inc. (UNBI) web site.  The UNBI was formed by a grass roots movement during the late 1960’s originated by Chief Anthony Francis when he was a councillor for the Elsipogtog First Nation Band Council. He was instrumental in uniting all 15 Chiefs of the Mi’gmaq and Maliseet First Nation communities in New Brunswick .  The UNBI was formed in 1967 and officially incorporated in 1969 during a ceremony held in Madawaska with the purpose of promoting the existing Aboriginal Rights in New Brunswick. 

The UNBI Constitution, developed and written by the Chiefs of New Brunswick (Board of Directors), has and continues to outline the Chief’s role in the decision making process based on treaties and rights protected by the Canada Act of 1982.  Over the years, the UNBI has successfully supported land claim settlements of over $100,000,000, founded the UNBI Training Institute and has established numerous health programs that are delivered at the community level. Burnt Church, Tobique and Elsipogtog left to form Mawiw.

Our people strive for the opportunity to be gainfully employed, the opportunity to re-acquire our lost lands, the opportunity for better education, the opportunity to develop economically and the opportunity to educate non-aboriginals on our aspirations.  Opportunities seems to be the missing link through this whole process.  We feel that many doors have been closed to us and we were pushed to a marginal place in society.  People tried to change us.  We were herded to reserves.  Today, though, I find that we have a different leadership.  We have a different feeling of pride and we’re asserting ourselves. I find when you assert yourself as a people, other people become afraid.  There's fear in that but we will prevail as we have done in the past, with or without the kind of assistance that we’re looking for.  Funding is needed, but cannot address the problems that we face.  But this is where the equality of opportunity lies.  If we get the opportunity from other levels of government to provide us with the assistance that we're looking for, then obviously this whole country is going to benefit because as Nations’ we benefit - our society, our non-aboriginal neighbours, immigrants.

Darrell Paul, Executive Director. Exert from; "Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples at Kingsclear, NB" May 19, 1992 (page 58)

Union of New Brunswick Indians, Inc. creation 1970

Chiefs of the First Nations of New Brunswick

Left to Right
Chief Albert Levi, Elsipogtog                                   Chief Peter Barlow, Indian Island
Anthony Francis, Elsipogtog                                   Chief John Wallace, Madawaska
                              President UNBI                            Chief Dennis Nicholas, Tobique
Chief Peter Barlow, Indian Island                            Chief Mararet LaBillois, Eel River Bar
Chief Floyd Benard, Madawaska Maliseet              Chief John Sacobie, Oromocto

Left to Right
Chief Richard Polchies, Kingsclear                           Anthony Francis, President UNBI
Chief Donald Ward, Red Bank                                   Andy Nicholas, Tobique
Chief Bill Knockwood, Ft. Folly                                 Charlie Paul, Vice President UNB
Chief Harold Sappier, St. Mary's                               Elsie Paul, Secretary


  • Chief Oliver Polchies, Woodstock
  • Chief Frank Paul, Burnt Church
  • Chief Agnus Sappier, Buctouche
  • Chief Richard Ginnish, Eel Ground
  • Chief of Pabineau